Scientists spy on superbugs to see how they outsmart our antibiotics

latimes.com – Scientists figured out how antibiotic resistance can spread between bacteria cells despite antibiotics that should prevent those cells from growing.

Source: Sophie Nolivos, et al. Role of AcrAB-TolC multidrug efflux pump in drug-resistance acquisition by plasmid transfer. Science, 2019.

Billion-Year-Old Fossil Fungi, Oldest Known, Revises Broader Evolution Timeline

discovermagazine.com – Microfossils from the Canadian Arctic, earliest known fungus, point to a much earlier evolutionary timeline not just for fungi, but for animals as well.

Source: Corentin C. Loron, Robert H. Rainbird, Elizabeth C. Turner, J. Wilder Greenman, Emmanuelle J. Javaux. Organic-walled microfossils from the late Mesoproterozoic to early Neoproterozoic lower Shaler Supergroup (Arctic Canada): Diversity and biostratigraphic significance. Precambrian Research, 2019.

Scientists Find Shocking Link Between Flower Exposure And Hypertension In Children

medicaldaily.com – Researchers have found that some pesticides used in flowers commonly available in the market could increase the risk of hypertension in children.

Source: Jose R. Suarez-Lopez, Fatimaezzahra Amchich, Jonathan Murillo, Julie Denenberg. Blood pressure after a heightened pesticide spray period among children living in agricultural communities in Ecuador. Environmental Research, 2019.

Charging Into the Future--Novel Rock Salt For Use in Rechargeable Magnesium Batteries

rdmag.com – A unique method to use novel rock salt in rechargeable magnesium batteries.

Source: Yasushi Idemoto, Tsukiko Takahashi, Naoya Ishida, Masanobu Nakayama, Naoto Kitamura. Synthesis, Crystal Structure Analysis, and Electrochemical Properties of Rock-Salt Type Mg x Ni y Co z O 2 as a Cathode Material for Mg Rechargeable Batteries. Inorganic Chemistry, 2019.

This Deep-Sea Fish Has the Most Types of Opsins Among Vertebrates

the-scientist.com – The silver spinyfin has an extraordinary diversity of rod photopigments, which researchers propose may allow it to see color in the deep, dark sea.

Source: Zuzana Musilova, et al. Vision using multiple distinct rod opsins in deep-sea fishes. Science, 2019.

New Stanford research examines how augmented reality affects people's behavior

eurekalert.org – Stanford scholar Jeremy Bailenson and other researchers found that people's interactions with a virtual person in augmented reality, or AR, influenced how they behaved and acted in the physical world.

Source: Mark Roman Miller, et al. Social interaction in augmented reality. PLOS ONE, 2019.

Genetically Personalized Fruit Flies Screen for Cancer Drugs

the-scientist.com – Fly avatars bearing multiple genetic changes akin to those of a cancer patient lead to a tailor-made treatment that has shrunk the patient's tumors.

Source: Erdem Bangi, et al. A personalized platform identifies trametinib plus zoledronate for a patient with KRAS-mutant metastatic colorectal cancer. Science Advances, 2019.

Two White Dwarf Stars Collided and Came Back from the Dead. Soon, They’ll Go Supernova.

livescience.com – Researchers have found a star that came back from the dead. Soon, it could go supernova.

Source: Vasilii V. Gvaramadze, et al. A massive white-dwarf merger product before final collapse. Nature, 2019.

Our Moon May Have Been Hit By a Dwarf Planet Long Ago

discovermagazine.com – After the moon formed, a dwarf planet may have struck it, leading to the large differences scientists observe between the moon’s near and far sides.

Source: Meng‐Hua Zhu, Kai Wünnemann, Ross W.K. Potter, Thorsten Kleine, Alessandro Morbidelli. Are the Moon's nearside‐farside asymmetries the result of a giant impact?. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 2019.

Sorry Napoleon, A Big Garbage Patch Is Floating Near Your Mediterranean Islands

livescience.com – The islands of Corsica and Elba are famous because Napoleon once lived on both. Now, these isles might be famous because of a garbage patch.

Source: J. L. Lavers, L. Dicks, M. R. Dicks, A. Finger. Significant plastic accumulation on the Cocos (Keeling) Islands, Australia. Scientific Reports, 2019.