High fiber diet may help with management of type 2 diabetes

upi.com – A high-fiber diet has previously been recommended for type 2 diabetes, but researchers have now discovered why it improves health.

Source: Liping Zhao, et al. Gut bacteria selectively promoted by dietary fibers alleviate type 2 diabetes. Science, 2018.

Mammals adopt nightlife to avoid contact with humans, study finds

cbc.ca – A new study has found animals around the world have dramatically increased their activity at night so they don't have to worry about running into us humans.

Source: Kaitlyn M. Gaynor, Cheryl E. Hojnowski, Neil H. Carter, Justin S. Brashares. The influence of human disturbance on wildlife nocturnality. Science, 2018.

Amazing Footage Reveals How Spiders Fly

popularmechanics.com – Researchers captured the flying behavior of spiders, known as 'ballooning,' on camera.

Source: Moonsung Cho, Peter Neubauer, Christoph Fahrenson, Ingo Rechenberg, Laura Miller. An observational study of ballooning in large spiders: Nanoscale multifibers enable large spiders’ soaring flight. PLOS Biology, 2018.

Earliest Rainforest Frogs Preserved in Amber

discovermagazine.com – The earliest evidence of frogs living in a rainforest has turned up in amber that's nearly 100 million years old, revising the animals' timeline.

Source: Lida Xing, Edward L. Stanley, Ming Bai, David C. Blackburn. The earliest direct evidence of frogs in wet tropical forests from Cretaceous Burmese amber. Scientific Reports, 2018.

The most ancient African baobabs are dying and no one knows why

sciencenews.org – Scientists aren’t sure what’s killing the oldest African baobabs, nine of which have lost big chunks or died in the last 13 years.

Source: Adrian Patrut, et al. The demise of the largest and oldest African baobabs. Nature Plants, 2018.

Astronomers Have Discovered The Best Evidence Yet For a Rare "Missing Link" Black Hole

sciencealert.com – Astronomers have spotted what they think is a super-rare cosmic phenomenon: a type of medium-weight black hole proven so elusive that researchers thought it might not exist at all.

Source: Dacheng Lin, et al. A luminous X-ray outburst from an intermediate-mass black hole in an off-centre star cluster. Nature Astronomy, 2018.

Astronomers Catch Black Hole Devouring Star

discovermagazine.com – Scientists have observed a black hole eating a star before, but this was the first time time anyone managed to get such detailed images of the jets.

Source: S. Mattila, et al. A dust-enshrouded tidal disruption event with a resolved radio jet in a galaxy merger. Science, 2018.

Diamond dust shimmering around distant stars

sciencedaily.com – Some of the tiniest diamonds in the universe -- bits of crystalline carbon hundreds of thousands of times smaller than a grain of sand -- have been detected swirling around three infant star systems in the Milky Way. These microscopic gemstones are neither rare nor precious; they are, however, exciting for astronomers who identified them as the source of a mysterious cosmic microwave 'glow' emanating from several protoplanetary disks in our galaxy.

Source: J. S. Greaves, et al. Anomalous microwave emission from spinning nanodiamonds around stars. Nature Astronomy, 2018.

We're closer than ever before to producing clean water from thin air

businessinsider.com – Scientists from the University of California, Berkeley have developed a device that can harvest fresh water from dry desert air using only sunlight. While it's just a prototype, the scientists think production could be scaled up quickly.

Source: Farhad Fathieh, et al. Practical water production from desert air. Science Advances, 2018.

Remains, artifacts from Montana's Clovis burial site are the same age

upi.com – New tests confirm the Anzick-1 remains and the artifacts recovered from Montana's Clovis burial site are the same age.

Source: Lorena Becerra-Valdivia, et al. Reassessing the chronology of the archaeological site of Anzick. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2018.

The Atmosphere of Venus Is So Thick It Pushes On Mountains to Change How Fast the Planet Spins

vice.com – Venus’ varying rotational period has always been a mystery for astronomers, but computer simulations show that it may have to do with the planet’s viscous atmosphere on mountains.

Source: T. Navarro, G. Schubert, S. Lebonnois. Atmospheric mountain wave generation on Venus and its influence on the solid planet’s rotation rate. Nature Geoscience, 2018.