newscientist.com – Emissions of carbon dioxide from fossil fuel are on the rise again. We desperately need more action to stop climate change, and that means putting a price on carbon
Source: Glen P. Peters, et al. Towards real-time verification of CO2 emissions. Nature Climate Change, 2017.
cbc.ca – Despite an increase in energy-efficient LED bulbs, surface light pollution has increased around the world, according to a team of international researchers led by Christopher Kyba, who's originally from Alberta.
Source: Christopher C. M. Kyba, et al. Artificially lit surface of Earth at night increasing in radiance and extent. Science Advances, 2017.
zmescience.com – Oh they knew...
Source: Cristin E. Kearns, Dorie Apollonio, Stanton A. Glantz. Sugar industry sponsorship of germ-free rodent studies linking sucrose to hyperlipidemia and cancer: An historical analysis of internal documents. PLOS Biology, 2017.
cbc.ca – Strange behaviour by bowhead whales in Cumberland Sound, Nunavut, left researchers perplexed — until they realized the whales were using boulders like pumice stones to exfoliate their skin.
Source: Sarah M. E. Fortune, et al. Evidence of molting and the function of “rock-nosing” behavior in bowhead whales in the eastern Canadian Arctic. PLOS ONE, 2017.
washingtonpost.com – Mark Twain said of these mysterious flies in California's Mono Lake: “They pop up to the surface as dry as a patent office report.”
Source: Floris van Breugel, Michael H. Dickinson. Superhydrophobic diving flies ( Ephydra hians ) and the hypersaline waters of Mono Lake. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2017.
washingtonpost.com – There's a curious connection between earthquakes and the Earth's rotation. But that doesn't mean the planet is in for a major shaking next year.
Source: R. Bendick, R. Bilham. Do weak global stresses synchronize earthquakes?. Geophysical Research Letters, 2017.
techtimes.com – The "Big Birdâ finch species came about after a cactus finch from EspaÃ±ola Island flew over to Daphne Major and mated with a local species. There are now 30 members of this new species on the island.
Source: Sangeet Lamichhaney, et al. Rapid hybrid speciation in Darwin’s finches. Science, 2017.
the-scientist.com – Infectious protein aggregates from the skin of human patients can cause disease in mice.
Source: Christina D. Orrú, et al. Prion seeding activity and infectivity in skin samples from patients with sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease. Science Translational Medicine, 2017.
geek.com – Researchers at the University of Michigan have developed a synthetic replacement for cartilage. Dubbed “Kevlartilage,” the new material combines Kevlar nanofibers and polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) to recreate the “magic” of cartilage. The rubber-like …
Source: Lizhi Xu, Xueli Zhao, Chuanlai Xu, Nicholas A. Kotov. Water-Rich Biomimetic Composites with Abiotic Self-Organizing Nanofiber Network. Advanced Materials, 2017.
arstechnica.com – Earliest evidence of wine in the Near East has been found, in Georgia.
Source: Patrick McGovern, et al. Early Neolithic wine of Georgia in the South Caucasus. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2017.
the-scientist.com – Mutations in both copies of SERPINE1 can result in blood clotting disorders, but carriers might enjoy lifespan and health benefits.
Source: Sadiya S. Khan, et al. A null mutation in SERPINE1 protects against biological aging in humans. Science Advances, 2017.